Environmental assessment, planning, monitoring and evaluation

Assessments consist of varying length, detail and applicability taking environmental needs and indicators into account. Some are meant for immediate and rapid use after an emergency. Others are more comprehensive. Environmental planning is an obvious next step after an assessment is conducted. Environmental needs and solutions must be monitored and evaluated to ensure the intended impact takes place. Guidelines assist the assessment, planning and monitoring process to ensure that environmental issues are identified and addressed throughout a humanitarian response.

GuidelinesBack to top


Environmental Needs Assessment in Post-Disaster Situations (UNEP 2008)

Guidance explains the Environmental Needs Assessment (ENA) tool after disasters and how it can be used for planning early recovery programmes and strategy.



Integrating Environmental Safeguards into Disaster Management:
A Field Manual (IUCN)

Manual explains the need for a holistic assessment at every stage: prevention, mitigation, preparedness, relief and response and recovery and rebuilding.  Offers questions to ask and things to consider in assessment to ensure environmental integration.



Guidelines for Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment in Disasters

Guide to define and prioritize potential environmental impacts after a disaster.  Assesses at the organization and community level and includes guidelines on green procurement for relief supplies.



Environmental Reporting, Monitoring and Evaluation System – MaRS (LWF)

Guidelines require all programmes and activities to include environmental factors into planning, implementation and follow up. Tools and checklists included to equip programme designers in integrating environment. Designed for development programmes, but applicable to humanitarian programmes.



Technical Manual for Post-Disaster Rapid Environmental Assessment (OECS)

Manual is for conducting a needs assessment and guarding against environmental damage from the disaster and from recovery operations.



Sphere Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (2004)

Report outlines minimum standards across all humanitarian sectors to deliver services and programmes using key indicators and guidance notes. Environment is treated as a cross-cutting issue.

ToolsBack to top


Green Recovery and Reconstruction Toolkit (WWF and American Red Cross)

Training toolkit equips humanitarian actors with practical, solution-oriented techniques for integrating environment into disaster recovery and reconstruction. Each module of the Toolkit includes a content paper, Trainers Guide and training materials. The 10 GRRT modules cover project design, monitoring, and evaluation; impact assessment tools and techniques; strategic site selection and development; key concepts of construction; materials and supply chain; water and sanitation; livelihoods; DRR; and green organizational operations. Contact Anita van Breda, Director WWF Humanitarian Partnerships: anita.vanbreda@wwfus.org



PCNA – TRF Toolkit: Note on Addressing Environmental Issues (UNEP 2009)

Toolkit explains the need for environmental indicators in assessment and offers examples of important indicators, p. 10 – 11. Shows linkages between environment and emergencies and problems from emergency to development phases, p. 8 – 10. Offers case study examples when environment was or was not mainstreamed and the outcomes, p. 7.



FRAME Toolkit (UNHCR & CARE 2009)

Framework for Assessing, Monitoring and Evaluating the Environment in Refugee-related Operations (FRAME) equips camp managers and in-country staff to assess, monitor and evaluate environmental issues in planning and operations. Guides operations to be more environmentally effective, thus beneficial to refugees and communities. Rapid Environmental Assessments and Community Environmental Action Planning are some of the tools used. Environmental indicators included with description, objective, method and type.



Flash Environmental Assessment Tool FEAT) (OCHA)

Tool used to identify environmental impacts of hazardous materials after a disaster or conflict, and support initial response actions. Used for initial assessments, scientific yet simple so it can be used quickly without high levels of technical expertise.



Handbook for Estimating the Socioeconomic and Environmental Effects of Disaster (ECLAC)

Handbook covers human settlements, education, water and sanitation, transport and communications, health, agriculture, energy and more. Measures quantitative and qualitative data.