GuidelinesBack to top


Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards

Comprehensive guide to dealing with livelihoods and livestock in different stages of an emergency. Connections to environment are not always explicit, but since livestock depend on natural resources and have waste, water and sanitation components, environment is implicitly included.



Post-Disaster Livelihood Assessment: Rules of Thumb for Emergency Shelter

Assessment uses basic questions and rules regarding environmental impact of shelters and livelihoods when designing new shelter-related livelihood activities, expanding activities or reviewing activities.

ToolsBack to top


The Livelihood Assessment Toolkit (FAO)

Series of assessments to conduct at different stages after an emergency to determine the impact of a disaster on livelihoods. Connected to environment, natural resources, farming and animals since many communities depend on these as sources of livelihoods. Both quantitative and qualitative assessments included.



Livelihood Options in Refugee Situations: A Handbook for Promoting
Sound Agriculture Practices (UNHCR & CARE)

Handbook includes types of interventions, a chart explaining at which point during operations agriculture practice is possible and explains different crops for different nutrition needs, p 26. Environmental impacts of different interventions and methods specifically addressed, p 10-12.



Livestock-Keeping and Animal Husbandry in Refugee and Returnee Situations
– A Practical Handbook for Improved Management (UNHCR and IUCN 2005)

Handbook outlines basic considerations for staff in camp management roles to make when planning livestock programs. Environmental and natural resource considerations are included throughout the document. Good practices and places for improvement are identified. Tips on implementation, checklists and monitoring and evaluation techniques are included.

TrainingBack to top


Community-Based Forest Resource Conflict Management Training Package (FAO)

Package includes materials to build the capacity of trainers to identify conflict, developing strategies to manage, negotiating, and communication skills surrounding forestry issues. Useful in IDP/refugee scenarios where tensions may arise with local community.

Case studiesBack to top


FAO Emergency Operations in African Cities: Strengthening Livelihoods
Through the Potential of Urban Agriculture (FAO)

Case studies include Liberia, Djibouti and Burundi of small-scale urban farming projects contributing to the recovery process.



Generating Opportunities: Case Studies on Energy and Women (UNDP 2001)

Case study is development focus, but energy and fuel methods apply to humanitarian emergency: battery-operated lamps, biomass briquette and rural stoves to be used in different countries and contexts on behalf of women.

Best practicesBack to top


Supporting Livelihood Security in Refugee-Hosting Areas, Western Ethiopia (ProAct)

Article looks at how to close a camp and leave the area environmentally sustainable so that local populations and returning IDPs still have a source for livelihoods. For programme details and outcomes contact Mr. David Stone at the ProAct Network: