Agriculture is often a crucial component of people’s livelihoods, a community’s food security and a country’s economy. Agriculture is inextricably linked to environment with regard to land, forest, soil, plants, animals, weather and more. In humanitarian response, agriculture issues cannot be disconnected from human welfare or environment. Humanitarian operations can inadvertently damage land, soil and crops or further hinder a harvesting or planting season, thus jeopardizing food and income sources.

GuidelinesBack to top


Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards

Comprehensive guide to dealing with livelihoods and livestock in different stages of an emergency. Connections to environment are not always explicit, but since livestock depend on natural resources and have waste, water and sanitation components, environment is implicitly included.

ToolsBack to top


The Livelihood Assessment Toolkit (FAO)

Series of assessments to conduct at different stages after an emergency to determine the impact of a disaster on livelihoods. Connected to environment, natural resources, farming and animals since many communities depend on these as sources of livelihoods. Both quantitative and qualitative assessments included.



Livelihood Options in Refugee Situations: A Handbook for Promoting
Sound Agriculture Practices (UNHCR & CARE)

Handbook includes types of interventions, a chart explaining at which point during operations agriculture practice is possible and explains different crops for different nutrition needs, p 26. Environmental impacts of different interventions and methods specifically addressed, p 10-12.

TrainingBack to top


Community-Based Forest Resource Conflict Management Training Package (FAO)

Package includes materials to build the capacity of trainers to identify conflict, developing strategies to manage, negotiating, and communication skills surrounding forestry issues. Useful in IDP/refugee scenarios where tensions may arise with local community.

Case studiesBack to top


FAO Emergency Operations in African Cities: Strengthening Livelihoods
Through the Potential of Urban Agriculture (FAO)

Case studies include Liberia, Djibouti and Burundi of small-scale urban farming projects contributing to the recovery process.



FAO Lessons Learned (FAO)

Website provides links to project reports and evaluations, especially in Afghanistan and Mozambique, where capacity-building, natural resource management and agriculture practices are improved and environmental impacts considered and measured. Some lessons may be applied to humanitarian action.